The skin is the largest organ, covering the entire body, with a total area of about 2 m 2 of an adult. Skin is a natural covering of the human body that protects internal organs from injury and keeps them in place. It also stores a large amount of the body’s water, fats and vitamin D while protecting you from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
The skin’s task is to help us recognize the sensations of pain, itching, heat, and cold. It saves our body from external harmful agents such as ultraviolet rays, microorganisms, chemicals, collision injuries. Further, the skin also helps in regulating body temperature and blood flow. Particularly the facial skin also shows the beauty of the person.
When it comes to a beautiful face, skin peeling is a great choice. Skin peeling is one of the most effective methods that help in skin rejuvenation. Moreover, this cosmetic product helps with skin regeneration, especially on the face, neck, chest and hand.
In the past, Cleopatra’s Egyptian skin was always looking fresh because they were regularly bathed with goat’s milk. And, the lactic acid present in milk exfoliating and rejuvenating the facial skin.
Today, there are many types of cosmetic peels available from shallow to deep that gives beautiful skin and helps with skin rejuvenation. If you use skin peels regularly, you will see good results on your face without visit any salon or cosmetic surgeon.
However, besides the unwanted complications such as tanning, leaving bad scars can also occur if you choose a bad product. Therefore, it is necessary to select the quality products that are suitable for your skin type and can do the best peel at home.
From outside to inside, the skin consists of 3 layers: epidermis, dermis and dermis.
- The epidermis is a source of epithelial cells, playing an important role in skin regeneration when the upper skin layer gets peeled due to rubbing, trauma, and burns. Skin peels also peel your rough or aged skin and epidermis helps regenerate the skin atrophy.
- Skin atrophy is a common ageing process, usually starting at the age of 40. In this, the outermost layer of the cells becomes less effective in protecting the skin. Further, the skin becomes thinner, and the elastin, as well as collagen fibers, degenerate. This causes wrinkles on the face. These symptoms increase with age and under the influence of ultraviolet rays in the sun. This is where chemical peels come handy.
What is chemical peeling?
Chemical peeling is the technique of using chemicals to destroy the outer layers of damaged skin. This skin layer will then be regenerated from the remaining epidermal appendages in the dermis. This process begins within 24 hours of skin peeling and is usually completed in 5-10 days.
The dermis regenerates more slowly that is after 40-56 days and can last up to 90 days. The limitation of this technique is that it may leave bad scars and hyperpigmentation. Different chemicals and formulas are available according to the depth of the skin to be peeled. Chemicals penetrating deep into the dermis can damage most skin appendages resulting in slow healing and scarring.
Depending on the depth of the skin layer, people split their skin into three categories:
- Light peelingis to remove all the epidermis and the basal cell layer between the epidermises.
- Medium peeling or averagepeeling goes deep to the dermis of the skin.
- Deep peelingis the part of the skin that is deeply stripped to the reticulum of the skin’s reticular cells.
What are the Indications for Chemical Peels?
Aesthetic indications: Large pores, aged skin due to sunlight, fine wrinkles, and shallow scars
Proliferative hyperplasia and tumours: Light keratosis, millet disease, oily hyperkeratosis, seborrhea
Dermatitis: Acne, Demodex dermatitis
Pigmentation disorders: Bronzing and post-inflammatory disorders, lentigines
Although skin peeling is a relatively simple technique, challenges are there when selecting the type of chemical peeling for a patient.
Before peeling off
- Patients must clean their faces with soap the night before and the morning of the day of the treatment.
- Do not wear makeup or any skin product.
After chemical peeling
- Avoid the sun rays as this will help the skin heal quickly, leaving no scars as well as many other unwanted complications. Some patients who use light therapy for skin conditions before peeling may have bad scars and slow healing.
What are the Possible Side Effects of Chemical Peeling?
Exfoliating can help regenerate the skin, improve the quality of the face but can also cause many unwanted complications. Here are some side effects of chemical peel. Take a look!
- Erythema multiforme can dive within 90 days but can persist for a long time with hyperpigmentation and a lot of itching. High-risk groups are one who are taking birth control pills and photosensitive drugs.
- The skin may become sensitive to sunlight, one of the causes of skin cancer. Patients are recommended to limit sun exposure for 6-12 months after a chemical peel and to regularly use sunscreen.
- Skin de-pigmentation due to irreversible destruction of melanocytes during peeling under the influence of chemicals.
- Scar atrophy of skin due to slow healing. This complication is very serious, requires proper skincare after peeling.
- Infection after chemical peeling is a common complication, especially caused by Pseudomonasbacteria and Herpes virus outbreak.
- Bleeding at the deep peeling site can occur in people taking blood thinners such as warfarin. Patients taking aspirin are advised to temporarily stop taking the drug for at least one week before deciding on deep peeling.
In short, even though there are many different thoughts about beauty, facial beauty is still an indispensable need for mankind, especially for women. Due to trauma, pathology, environment, or overtime, our skin gets damaged that needs care as well as regeneration.
Facial peeling has been known and used for a long time, and it is a beauty method that is relatively easy to perform. However, it may leave many unwanted complications because our facial skin is very fragile and sensitive. Therefore, in order for beauty therapy to really work, we need to consult the experts before applying anything on our precious facial skin.